Ventilator-indications And Contraindications

Indications


(1) Acute respiratory failure caused by various reasons, including respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).


(2) Acute exacerbation of chronic respiratory failure.


(3) Severe acute pulmonary edema and persistent asthma.


(4) Intraoperative and postoperative ventilation support in cardiothoracic surgery in children.


(5) Fiberoptic bronchoscopy in patients with respiratory insufficiency, neck and tracheal surgery, usually high-frequency ventilation support.


Contraindications


(1) Pneumothorax and mediastinum septum gather gas.


(2) Large amount of pleural effusion.


(3) Lung bullae.


(4) Hypoxemia.


(5) Patients with acute myocardial infarction accompanied by cardiac insufficiency. However, those with pneumothorax, bronchopleural fistula, acute myocardial infarction, and cardiac insufficiency can use high-frequency ventilation if necessary.


Ventilator is divided into invasive ventilator and non-invasive ventilator. Non-invasive ventilator is a non-life support instrument, which is usually used by adults over 10 years old.